AZUZ: U.S. President Donald Trump has signed a new executive order, a rule issued by the White House that has the force of law. And it's aimed at protecting the freedom of speech on college campuses. At the signing ceremony yesterday, President Trump said the federal government provides U.S. colleges with more than $35 billion in research funding. And if they want to continue receiving that money, they'll be required to show that they're protecting the First Amendment on their campuses.
阿祖兹：美国总统唐纳德·特朗普签署了一项新行政令，这是白宫颁布的一条具有法律效力的规定。新规旨在保护大学校园的言论自由。在昨天举行的签字仪式上，特朗普总统表示联邦政府为美国大学提供超过350亿美元的研究资金。如果大学还想继续获得这笔资金，那就要证明他们的校园有在履行美国宪法第一修正案。This follows some incidents at the University of California at Berkley, where some conservative activists' speeches had been cancelled, and one conservative recruiter was punched in the face last month. President Trump says American students and values are under siege, and that taxpayer money shouldn't subsidize colleges that don't protect the First Amendment. There are some questions about how the order will be enforced and how much money could be held back.
The American Association of University Professors and the American Federation of Teachers called the order a dangerous solution to a largely non-existent problem. Instead, it was more likely to discourage free expression than encourage it. The president suggested that more government actions were on the way. He called this order the first in a series of steps to defend students' rights. The details weren't given on what might come next.